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The Act was notified in 200 districts (Bankura District)  in the first phase with effect from February 2nd 2006 and then extended to an additional 130 districts in the financial year 2007-2008 (113 districts were notified with effect from April 1st 2007, and 17 districts in Uttar Pradesh (UP) were notified with effect from May 15th 2007). The
remaining districts have been notified under MGNREGA with effect from April 1, 2008. Thus, the MGNREGA
covers the entire country with the exception of districts that have a hundred percent urban population


The mandate of the Act is to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.


Social protection for the most vulnerable people living in rural area by providing employment opportunities.Livelihood security for the poor through creation of durable assets, improved water security, soil conservation and higher land productivity.

Empowerment of the socially disadvantaged, especially women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Schedules Tribes (STs), through the processes of a rights-based legislation.


  • Water conservation and water harvesting including contour trenches, contour bunds, boulder checks, gabion structures, underground dykes, earthen dams, stop dams and spring shed development;
  • Drought proofing including afforestation and tree plantation;
  • Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works;
  • Provision of irrigation facility, dug out farm pond, horticulture, plantation, farm bunding and land development on land owned by households specified in paragraph 1C of Schedule I; renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks;
  • Land development;
  • Agriculture related works, such as, NADEP composting, vermi-composting, liquid bio-manures;
  • Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas including deepening and repairing of flood channels, chaur renovation, construction of storm water drains for coastal protection;
  • Rural connectivity to provide all weather access, including culverts and roads within a village,wherever necessary;
  • Construction of Bharat Nirman Rajiv Gandhi Sewa Kendra as Knowledge Resource Centre at the Block level and as Gram Panchayat Bhawan at the Gram Panchayat level;
  • Livestock related works, such as, poultry shelter, goat shelter, construction of pucca floor, urine tank and fodder trough for cattleshed, azolla as cattle-feed supplement;
  • Fisheries related works, such as, fisheries in seasonal water bodies on public land
  • Works in coastal areas, such as, fish drying yards, belt vegetation;
  • Rural drinking water related works, such as, soak pits, recharge pits;
  • Rural sanitation related works, such as, individual household latrines, school toilet units,anganwadi toilets, solid and liquid waste management;
  • Construction of anganwadi centres;
  • Construction of playfields;
  • Any other work including IAY and any other housing scheme which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government;